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Biloxi (bə-LUK-see) is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi. The 2010 census recorded the population as 44,054. Along with the adjoining city of Gulfport, Biloxi is a county seat of Harrison County.
The city is part of the Gulfport-Biloxi metropolitan area and the Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, Mississippi Combined Statistical Area. Pre-Katrina, Biloxi was the third largest city in Mississippi behind Jackson and Gulfport; but with its population losses following that storm, it was passed by Hattiesburg. Also, in the 2010 census, Southaven is shown as the fourth largest city, so Biloxi is now ranked fifth in the state.
The beachfront of Biloxi lies directly on the Mississippi Sound, with barrier islands scattered off the coast and into the Gulf of Mexico.
Keesler Air Force Base lies within the city and is home to the 81st Training Wing and the 403d Wing of the U.S. Air Force Reserve.
Biloxi has a subtropical climate that is heavily influenced by the Gulf of Mexico. Winter days are mild and wet. Snow is extremely rare in Biloxi. Summers are hot and humid, bearing the brunt of tropical storms during the late summer to fall. Biloxi's record low of 10°F (-12.2°C) was recorded on January 24, 1963, and the record high of 104°F (40°C) was recorded on August 29, 2000.
Biloxi Lighthouse, built in 1848 and reputed to be one of the most photographed objects in the American South. One of Biloxi's most known features has been the Biloxi Lighthouse, which was built in Baltimore and then shipped south and completed in May 1848. (It and another are the only surviving lighthouses of twelve that once dotted the Mississippi Gulf Coast.)
By the early 21st century, Biloxi's economy rested on the three prongs of seafood, tourism and gaming.
Biloxi is the smaller of two principal cities of the Gulfport-Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula Combined Statistical Area.
The City of Biloxi is served by the Biloxi Public School District and the Harrison County School District.
Virginia College has a campus that serves the greater Biloxi/Gulfport area; it is part of a chain of private for-profit, non-regionally accredited (credits will not transfer to regionally accredited schools), post-secondary institutions
IP Casino Resort & Spa reopened on December 22, 2005, formerly Imperial Palace.
Golden Nugget Biloxi Inc.
Palace Casino Resort
Beau Rivage Resort & Casino
Hard Rock Hotel & Casino
Treasure Bay Casino Resort
Margaritaville Casino and Restaurant
In the center of what fisheries biologists term "The Fertile Fisheries Crescent", Biloxi offers some of the finest sports fishing along the entire northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Spotted seatrout, red drum, Spanish and king mackerel, flounder, snapper, grouper, sharks, and more are all available to anglers during the fishing season. It is not known how Hurricane Katrina affected this ecosystem.
The city is home to the Mississippi Surge, a minor league hockey team playing in the Southern Professional Hockey League. Home games are played at the Mississippi Coast Coliseum.